What is a low birth weight?
The weight of a child at birth is known as birth weight. Minimum weight that a healthy, full term baby should have is at least 5.5 pounds. The World Health Organization has set this criteria and the babies with a birth weight of less than 5.5 pounds are categorized as low birth weight.
Association of diabetes and low birth weight
Weight of a baby at birth is an indicator of his/her health. Less than the normal birth weight means that the baby is weak and can fall prey to any disease. Studies have shown that low birth weight is a very important risk factor for diabetes. In fact, it has been found that in those races in which low birth weight is prevalent, one in three women suffer from diabetes in the sixth or seventh decade of life.
Low birth rate in different races
Health is not constant and vary from person to person. There are racial differences too. Some races are more prone to develop type 2 diabetes than the others. Among these are African-Americans, Asian-Americans, Hispanics, American Indians and Pacific Islanders. In these races, women are more vulnerable as compared to men. African-American women suffer from the complications of diabetes, like amputation and kidney failure, more often.
Some studies show a correlation between low birth weight and diabetes, it was found that there was an increased chance of developing type 2 diabetes if you have a birth weight between 3.3 pounds to less than 5.5 pounds.
To conclude, it is worth saying that if you want to have a child who can lead a diabetes-free life, take care of him when he is in your womb. A child with a healthy birth weight is better equipped to face and fight diabetes.