Emotional state during Pregnancy
Pregnancy is a very happy time for a woman and her family. She is filled with joy and is very protective of her child. On the other hand, many women are not so ecstatic during their pregnancy and pass through various phases of anxiety and depression.
Why does this happen?
A woman’s body does not only change physically, there are various internal changes as well. The whole internal environment of a pregnant lady changes and her body is showered by various hormones. A pregnant woman may be happy at one instance and sad at the other. There are sudden mood swings that are normal in pregnancy.
Managing Depression in Pregnancy
Depression during pregnancy is a normal behavior, but it needs to be addressed. It can be managed by psychotherapy and drugs. Drugs should be reserved only for severe and uncontrolled cases of depression. In minor cases therapy sessions are preferred over medications.
Drugs for depression during pregnancy
Clinicians are very careful when they prescribe antidepressants to a pregnant woman as they are not dealing with one but two patients: the mother and the baby. Like all medications, antidepressants have their pros and cons. They are effective in most of the cases and help relieve anxiety of the patients. At the same time, some of the drugs are notorious for their side effects in pregnant women and they should be avoided. These include:
1. Tricyclic Antidepressants
This is an old class of antidepressants that do more harm than good. They are not prescribed during pregnancy as they pose threat to the unborn child. These drugs have been found to cause physical deformity in the baby.
2. SSRIs (Selective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors)
SSRIs have been found to cause delayed development of lungs in the child. This can be serious as this can lead to difficulty in breathing. They also effect the mother and are found to cause sleep disturbances and gastrointestinal problems.