What is Type 2 Diabetes?
Type 2 diabetes is a metabolic disorder in which the blood sugar level is elevated. It is not mainly due to insulin deficit but due to body’s resistance to insulin. What this means is that body does has the key (insulin) but cannot unlock the receptors (target of insulin). This is an adult onset diabetes and is associated with obesity.
Risk factors of Type 2 Diabetes
Type 2 diabetes is not caused by a single factor, but a lot of them are a part of the bigger picture. Obesity and a positive family history of diabetes are the two most important. Some of them are:
- Family history
- Sedentary lifestyle
- Inappropriate diet
- Lack of sleep
- High intake of sugar
Complications of diabetes
Diabetes target more than one system of the body. It may damage your nervous system and cause symptoms like paresthesia. Affect the blood vessels and cause tissue ischemia and blindness. Attack your excretory system and cause kidney failure. It can even have an adverse effect on the heart.
It is an old dictum that “prevention is better than cure.” In the case of diabetes it is very true; all you need is some lifestyle modifications and within no time you’ll feel the difference. Some of the preventive measures as described by American Diabetes Association are:
1. Physical Activity: Regular exercise is very essential. It helps you lose weight, lower your blood sugar and increase sensitivity of insulin. For this aerobic exercise and resistance training are recommended.
2. Eating a lot of fiber: Fiber helps in a lot of different ways. It adds bulk to the food and gives you the feeling of fullness. It lowers the risk of heart disease as well. Fruits, vegetables, beans and grains are a rich source of fiber.
3. Losing weight: Losing weight is very important. Even a modest reduction in weight may have a huge impact on your health. In a study it has been found that losing as little as 7 percent of the body weight may reduce the chances of diabetes by 60 percent!
4. Consulting a doctor: If you are overweight and older than 45 years, you should visit your doctor and get tested for diabetes.