The diagnoses of cancer can be an incredibly difficult and sensitive time for the patient, doctors and loved ones, however the chances of cancer survival vary depending on the form and type of disease present. This short article will look at various forms of cancer and their associated survival rates.
What Is Cancer?
There are many different forms of cancer, however the principle of what they are and how they affect the body is identical – hence the common name for this group of diseases. In all forms of cancer, a portion of the body’s cells undergo a runaway procedure of mitosis (cell division).When controlled, cell division is a normal process needed for the growth and repair of the body, however when cancer occurs these cells divide without control and can spread into regions of the body that they should not reach. Unfortunately, cancer can originate in almost all of the areas in your body making them a more difficult condition than most others to treat and address. The most commonly diagnosed cancers in the U.S. are skin, breast, lung, prostate, and colorectal cancers.
What Are Cancerous Tumors?
A tumor is an area of tissue that has grown abnormally. Tumors can be non-cancerous or cancerous. A non-cancerous tumor is known as a ‘benign’ tumor. These are usually fairly noticeable sized growth masses of tissue, however they are usually easy to remove through a surgical procedure or treatment – this depends on their size and location. Benign tumors are usually confined to one area of the body and do not spread to other regions of the body. Benign tumors do not tend to grow back once they have been removed.
Cancerous tumors care known as ‘malignant’ tumors. This means that they have the ability to spread and occupy multiple tissues and areas of the body. In comparison to benign tumors, as these forms of tumors grow they acquire the ability to fragment and break up. This can result in the further spread of the cancer and cause further growths to occur in other areas of the body. This dangerous ability of benign tumors means that they can spread throughout the circulatory and lymphatic system – occupying a much wider range of the body and making a directed approach of removal less likely to be successful.
What Are the Factors That Contribute to the Survival Rate of Cancer?
Depending on where the cancer originates and whether it is in the form of a tumor of fluid medium (some cancers, such as blood cancers do not form the mass as displayed by a conventional tumor), the chances of surviving the disease can vary considerably.
If the tumor is identified in its early stages of growth, it can be treated and removed, which increases the chances of survival for the patient, as there is a lower chance that the tumor has broken off and is travelling in the blood or lymph system. If the tumor is small, a surgical procedure may also be easier and more likely to be successful.
Maintaining a strong immune system and physical health is essential in the survival of cancer, as the body’s cells are being subjected to more pressures, both internally and often also due to treatment such as radiotherapy, which may have other side effects on the body.